Allergies And Allergens
Do you suffer from an allergy? Have you got a high allergy level? Do you find yourself suddenly feeling is if your head is about to explode or does your skin feel like it is on fire because of an unexplained rash? It goes without saying that allergies really can make your life uncomfortable. The only way to truly understand allergies is to discover what the are all about. What causes them? Why do they attack you? How do they attack? Why are you prone to them? Where do all the allergens come from?
The list of questions can go on and on forever. You first need to find out more about this bodily reaction. You have to understand that not all people will have the same reaction to any one allergen. There are some people that are allergic to substances, whilst the same substance will not bother the majority of us. The following chapters are to help you get a greater understanding of allergies, allergens and how they can affect your life.
The Nature of Allergens
Allergens are generally everywhere, it’s almost impossible for you to get away from them. They take on many different forms including; pollens, grasses, mold, dust mites, pets dander, and foods just to name a few. Quite simply the allergens are the foreign substances that when they come into contact with the body they will trigger an allergic reaction, however, not everybody is prone to this allergic reaction.
Technically the body is protected by the immune system, when it notices a foreign invader the immune system kicks in and it will start to generate antibodies to fight the foreign substance and it is this that causes the allergic reaction.
The allergy level is dependent on the level of entry, the route and the exposure to the body from the allergens. The reaction by the body is largely dependent on the various chemical components of the allergen and the part of the body that has been exposed. Basically in the case of airborne pollens they are inhaled, food allergens are ingested, animal dander is applied to the skin and insect stings are injected.
The Symptoms of an Allergy
To fully understand the meaning of an allergy it is necessary that you are aware of the symptoms of an allergy. Basically you are said to be suffering from an allergy if your immune system reacts to a substance that is normally harmless.
There are two types of allergies that you should make yourself familiar with, these are perennial and seasonal. The perennial type of allergy is the one that happens all year round, whereas the seasonal type of allergy will only break out at specific times of the year. There are however, measures that you can take to reduce the effects of your allergies.
These measures include staying away and avoiding the allergens along with taking any recommended medications. Symptoms of allergies are subject to change from one person to another, because they influenced by whatever triggers the attack and the way the body copes with it.
Where will you find Allergens
In the things you ingest
It is very common for people to complain about foods that cause allergies. The truth is a large number of people are allergic to certain types of foods, however allergens can also be present in other substances such as medicines and drinks.
Some of the most common items that can cause allergies are: Foods such as cow’s milk, legumes, eggs, celery, seashells, tree nuts, pumpkin, soy, corn, wheat, seafood and sesame. Drugs including Sulfonamides, Salicylates, Penicillin and local anesthesia
Allergens that are ingested generally show symptoms including nausea, tongue swelling, throat swelling, diarrhoea and stomach cramps. Symptoms can also include problems with nasal breathing and with the integrity of the skin.
In the air you breath
The top three things that can cause allergic reactions when you breath are pollens, dust and mold. There are however many more allergens that you can take in with the air that you breath including:
dust mites, pet dander, spores and body parts of small insects. The majority of these substances are usually harmless to people however, they can trigger a reaction from people that are allergic to them.
One of the most common of these types of allergy is Hay Fever. This is can be caused by plant pollens which can be categorized into three different groups:
Tree Pollens – Birch, Alder, Poplar, Hornbeam, Willow and Olea.
Grass Pollens – Ryegrass and Timothy-grass.
Weed Pollens – Nettle, Plantago, Ragweed, Artemisia vulgaris and Sorrel.
In substances that touch your skin
A lot of allergens enter your body when they come into contact with you via the largest surface of your body, your skin. Some allergens can be localized to the specific contact area of the skin, whereas others will be absorbed by the skin and transferred to other parts of the body.
A typical allergic reaction is for the skin to become inflamed. Common substances that can cause skin allergy cosmetics, chemicals, substances from poisonous plants, metals and latex. Insect stings and bites can also act as allergens.
By now you should have realized that In order for you to reduce the effects of allergens it is important that you understand the root cause of your problem and prevent the allergen from coming into contact with your body and invading your system this will help you to reduce your allergy level.